The basal part of the stem transformed into a more or less thickened pseudobulb. Ordinary leaves 2 or 3, less often 1. The inflorescence is usually multiflorous, elongated or capitate. Small flowers, turned by 360 °, due to which the lip is directed upwards. Long peduncle, straight, zalążnia beczułko-wata. Warżka without jail. Straight pillar, straight stamen, mobile. Rostellum very small, triangular, with a small catch on the top. Oval birthmark. Pollinia 4, club-shaped.
This genus includes approx 50 species. In Europe, there is only one - single leaved cyst (Malaxis monophyllos).
Wyblin is found on all continents and in almost all climatic zones. The greatest variety of species is found in the tropics, where some species grow as epiphytes on trees. This type of species is probably pollinated by small insects. Self-pollination is also very likely.
Single leaf lupus (Malaxis monophyllos)
Pseudobulb 1-2 cm length, 1-2 cm in diameter, ovoid conical, green.
Momentum 7-30(40) cm h., not very strong, straight, plain, with protruding nerves, green to yellowish green.
Leaves are usually single, rarely 2–3, 3-10 cm length, 1-5 cm times., usually ovoid or ovate, sharp or blunt, green to yellowish green.
Inflorescence 2-15 cm length, multi-, sometimes even several dozen flowers, not very dense.
The flowers are very small, inconspicuous, about translucent perianth leaves, Open, green to greenish-yellow.
Hypophysis 2-3 mm length, even lanceolate, spicy, membranous, green.
Peduncle 2-3 mm length, straight, turned by 360 °, dragon, yellow to brown.
Ovary 2-3 mm length, kubkowata, dragon, greenish.
Warżka 2,5-3 mm length, 2-2,5 mm width, facing up, shell-shaped with strongly elongated, sharp peak and with two, about halfway through it with small teeth.
Upper outer petal 2-3 mm length, about 0,5 mm width, evenly narrow lanceolate, blunt.
Lateral outer petals 2-3 mm length, lanceolate to equilibrium-lanceolate, symmetrical to slightly sigmoidal, sharp or blunt.
Lateral inner petals 2-3 mm length, threadlike, equilibrium.
Column approx 1 mm length, pale greenish.
The fruit with the stem approx 5-8 mm length.
A characteristic feature of our bleach is the presence of only one leaf. Sometimes, however, specimens from 2 or 3 leaves.
The sites of this species are scattered throughout the country. On many of them, it has not been confirmed recently. On the other hand, we can observe the infestation of discus on habitats created or changed as a result of human economic activity. Seems, that the species is much more common in the south of the country.
Plantings have a very wide phytocoenotic and ecological scale - they grow in wet meadows, peat bogs, in alder forests, pine and fertile beech forests, and also in the bushes, on various types of soil - from relatively dry to moist, with varying degrees of fertility, from slightly acidic to alkaline.
Single leaf lupus blooms from May to July.