Purple orchid (Orchis purpurea)

By | October 31, 2017

Purple orchid (Orchis purpurea)

Tubers 2-3 cm length, 1,5-2,5 cm in diameter.

Momentum 25-80 cm h., straight, strong, cylindrical, all green or red or brown flattened under the ear. Leaves 4-8, length. 6-17 cm, 2-6 cm times., usually wide- or ovoid-lancet-wate, sharp or blunt, green, shimmering, 3-6 the lower ones taken in the rosette, above 1-2 erected, the highest one covers the inflorescence base. Inflorescence 5-20(25) cm length, multiflorous, ordinary dense.

Big flowers, with petals tucked in the helmet.

Purple orchid flower (Orchis purpurea) a – upper outer lobe of the perianth, b, c – internal side, d – side outer e, f – warżka, g – ovary and spur, h – hypophysis.

Pituitary gland 3–4 mm long., rombowa -tolancetowata, spicy, membranous, translucent, reddish. Ovary 10-20 mm length, narrow-lindric, arched, twisted, she ran red.

Warżka 10-18(20) mm length, 12-15 mm width, flat, clearly 3 patches, white to pale- or dusty pink with red or brown spots: middle patch more or less cut at the top na 3 parts – both lateral ovate, rhombic to semicircular ones, notched at the edges, between them little, lanceolate appendix, shorter than the side ones; side thread-like patches for balance ones, widely spread or arched around the central patch, blunt.

Spur 3-5 mm long, workowata, blunt, the underside is whitish, brownish to red on top.

The upper outer petal to 13 mm length, do 4 mm width, oblongly- to broad lance, sharp, red to brown, irregularly dusty-white speckled.

Lateral outer petals of similar size, shape and color, slightly asymmetrical.

Lateral inner petals approx 10 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, steady to narrow lanceolate, sharp or blunt, similar color, completely hidden in the helmet.

The column 3-4 mm length, reddish.

Fruit approx 20 mm length, rotund.

The species is not very variable. The purple orchid grows mainly in southern Europe; in Poland, it is known only from a few positions. In neighboring countries, he was found, among others. in North-East Germany, in areas near the border with Poland.

It is a species of light, overexposed forests, mid-forest clearings and meadows, sunny slopes and loose thickets. It grows in relatively dry soils, moderately fertile, rich in calcium carbonate.

It blooms from late April to June.

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