Keys for marking the types of orchids found in Poland

By | October 26, 2017

Natural key

1. Fast fertile 2. Single staminodium, very big, łódkowa you. Shoe lip .. .

shoe (Cypripedium)

1. The stamen fertile 1. Staminodia 2,

differently educated, never like above. A lip of various shapes, but not shoal…………….2

2. Loose pollen mass, dry … 3

3. Rostellum without a bonnet…….

hylavnik (Cephalanthera)

3. Rostellum with a bonnet…………..4

4. Rostellum small. Hook

semi-fluid………………………………5

5. Winged staminody .. .

helleborine (Epipacńs)

5. There is no staminody………………….6

6. The switch is strongly developed.

Leaves 2, opposite……

sub-sub-box. listera (Neottia subgen. Listera)

6. There is no disconnector. Leafless plant, greenless………..

nest box (Neottia subgen. Neottia)

4. Rostellum quite large, elongated. Lumpy claw……….5

5. Rhizome elongated, fleshy . . .

taiga (Goodyera)

5. Rhizome strongly shortened yes, że korzenie zebrane są Wwiązki .. .

kręczynka (Spiranthes)

2. Pollen mass stuck together into packages. Sticks present…………….3

3. Tubers present ……………………….4

4. Viscons covered with pouches … 5

5. There is no spur. Lip clearly

hairy. Pouches 2…….

bilistary (Ophrys)

5. Spur present. Lipka is fine-

siona. Bags combined into one ………………….. 6

6. The tops of the leaves of the perianth-

shaggy thick…………

orchid (Tritunsteinera)

6. Lumps are missing…………………………7

7. Hook 1. Two slats on the lip

rhinoceros (Anacomptis)

7. Hooks 2. Lip without slats 8

8. Tubers ovate…………..

orchid (Orchis)

8. Tubers at least 2-legged ..

stoplamck (Dactylorhiza)

4. Naked catches, not covered with pouches ………………. 5

5. Rostellum without folds on the upper side

surface …………………………..6

6. There is no spur ……………

consumption (Chamorchis)

6. Spur present……………………….7

7. Ostroga workowata. Lip cut ………………….

tongue (Coeloglossum)

7. Ostroga nitkowata, long. The lip is not patched …………

knee socks (Plalanthera)

5. Rostellum folded on the upper side

surface …………………………..6

6. Rostellum półkow’ate, simple .. .

honeycomb (llerminium)

6. Rostellum bent over the birthmark ……………………………………..7

7. Narrow lip patches. others

perianth leaves tucked in the helmet . 8

8. Leaves 2, jajowate, at the base of the shoot

ktikuchka (Neottianthe)

8. Leaves usually more, lancetowate, on a shoot ………………

. Non-patched lip or large lip patches, wide. Helm, if present, formed from the upper outer and side

wewnętrznych listków’ …….. 8

8. Flowers not twisted. Lip and spur pointing upwards .

darkheads (Nigritella)

8. Twisted flowers. Warżka i ostroga skierowane wdół………

golkie (Gymnadenia)

3. No tubers, instead of them a rhizome.

slorzan (Epipogium)

2*. The pollen mass is compact, waxy or cartilage ……………………..3

3. Pollen shafts without a handle 1 …. 4

4. Pollinia clubs …………5

5. Flowers not twisted……….

thread (Ilammarbya)

5. Flowers twisted 360 °…….

wyblin (Malaxis)

4. Round pollinia, laterally flattened ………………….

lipnik (Liparis)

3. Pollinia with a cap and a handle……………….

gouge (Corallorhiza)

Artificial key not taking into account underground shoots

1. The lip is large, more than 2 cm length, shoemaker ……………

shoe (Cypripedium)

1. Different size lip, smaller

than above, never shoe-shaped . 2

2. Lip pointing upwards .. 3

3. Warżka without jail. The shoot was bulbous at the base…………….4

4. The ovoid-lingual lip, without cloves …………….

thread (Hammarbya)

4. The lip of the shells, cotton-heart-shaped, with teeth on the sides……

wyblin (Mahrcis)

3. Lip with a spur. The shoot did not thicken at the root ……………………….4

4. Leafless plant, greenless.

Flowers on the peduncle………..

storzan (Epipogium)

4. Foliage plant. Flowers without peduncle………………..

darkheads (Nigritella)

2. Lip directed downwards……….3

3. Flowers on a distinct peduncle … 4

4. The lip at the top is cut open … 5

5. Leafless plant, greenless

nest box (Neottia subgen. Neottia)

5. A plant with two leaves ……

sub-sub-box. listera (Neottia subgen. Listera)

4. Lip not cut ………………..5

5. Lip divided into apical and basal parts. The shoot is not thickened (Epipacńs)

5. Lip not split. The basal part of the shoot turned bulbous ………………….

lipnik (Liparis)

3. Sessile flowers……………………..4

4. Spurs missing or indistinct … 5

5. A greenless plant, leafless

gouge (Corallorhiza)

5. Plant with leaves ……………………6

6. 2-part lip ………………7

7. Epiphyseal part with small finger-like appendages, plaska ..

kręczynka (Spiranthes) 7. There are no appendages, root part

concave lips ………….

hulawnik (Cephalanthera)

6. Warżka inna…………………………..7

7. 3-patch lip ………………….8

8. Central lanceolate patch, spicy

iniodflower (Herminium)

8. Middle patch cut at the top

bilistary (Ophrys)

7. The lip is not patched…………….8

8. The perianth from the outside is strongly thickened. Lip strongly concave at the base

taiga (Goodyera)

8. Okw’iat nagi. A flat lip, strongly bent down………..

consumption (Chamorchis)

4. A sharp spur……………………5

5. Leaves 2, opposite…………6

6. 3-patch lip………..

cuckoo (Neottianthe)

6. The lip is not patched……..

knee socks (Platanthera)

5. More leaves, on a shoot or collected in a rosette…………………………..6

6. Lip cut, at the top with a small notch………..

tongue (Coeloglossum)

6. 3-patch lip, sometimes middle summer cut open………………….7

7. Petals club-like thickened on

the tops………………

orchid (Traunsteinera)

7. Flakes without lumps………………..8

8. A spur of at least a length

overeating, nitkowata………………….9

9. Lip z 2 slats at the base

rhinoceros (Anacamptis)

9. Lip without slats……….

dove (Gymnadenia)

8. A spur at most's length-

lazy, cycle shorter, baggy or conical……………………….9

9. 3-tooth lip ………….

dove (Pseudorchis)

9. The lip is clearly 3 patches … 10

10. Pituitary glands thin, membranous,

Drying during fruiting

orchid (Orchis)

10. Pituitary glands similar in texture to leaves, permanently…………….

stoplamek (Dactylorhiza)

Artificial key taking into account underground shoots

1. Plants with rhizomes………………….2

2. Rhizome very short. Fleshy roots, collected in bundles ….

kręczynka (Spiranthes)

2. Rhizome elongated, roots not collected in bundles……………………3

3. Coral branched rhizome, without roots…………………………….4

4. The flowers are large, not twisted, large spur, workowata……….

storzan (Epipogium)

4. Small flowers, twisted, spur indistinct ……………..

gouge (Corallorhiza)

3 Rhizome with roots………. 4

4. Flowers on peduncles ……… 5

5. A greenless plant ……..

nest box (Neottia Subgen. Neottia)

5. Green leafy plant ….. 6

6. Leaves 2, opposite……. 7

7. Lip cut. The shoot did not thicken at the root ……………..

sub-sub-box. listera (Neotńa subgen. Listera)

7. The lip is not patched. The shoot was bulbous at the base….. 8

8. Lip directed downwards …..

lipnik (Liparis)

8. Lip pointing upwards … 9

9. Flowers not twisted. Lip without cloves ………………..

thread (Hammarbya)

9. Flowers twisted 360 °. A lip with teeth ………………

wyblin (Malaxts)

6. More leaves, never opposite 7

7. Shoe lip, big ….

shoe (Cypripedium)

7. 2-part lip, never shoe-shaped ……………….

kniszczyk (Epipactis)

4. Sessile flowers, without a stalk . . 5

5. Leaves collected in a rosette at the base of the shoot. Inflorescence dense, spiral

taiga (Goodyera)

5. Leaves on the shoot. Inflorescence loose

grenadier (Cephalanthera)

1. Plants with underground tubers 2

2. Palm-cut tubers…………3

3. Flowers not twisted, lip and spur pointing upwards .

the thinhead (Nigritella)

3. Twisted flowers, lip and spur pointing downwards ………………4

4. 3-patch lip ………………….5

5. Ostroga nitkowata, at least

swarm length………….

golkie (Gymnadenia)

5. Another spur…………………………..6

6. Lip patches almost identical,

narrow. The rest of the petals were pressed against the helmet………………..

dove (Pseudorchis)

6. Lip patches other. Lateral outer leaves tilted back

stoplamck (Dactylorhiza)

4. Lip cut at the top, with a small notch in the center . .

tongue (Coeloglossum)

2. Ovate or spherical tubers …. 3

3. The lip is not patched…………….4

4. Ostroga nitkowata. Leaves 2, at the base of the shoot………………

knee socks (Platanthera)

4. There is no spur. Awl leaves, collected in a rosette…………

consumption (Chamorchis)

3. 3-patch lip ………………….4

4. Petals club-shaped thick at the top ………………

orchid (Traunsteinera)

4. Flakes without lumps ………………..5

5. Narrow lip patches ………………6

6. A sharp spur, quite long .

cuckoo (Neottianthe)

6. Spur indistinct……….

honeycomb (empower)

5. The patches of the lip are wide …………….6

6. There is no spur…………….

bilistary (Ophrys)

6. Spur present ……………………..7

7. Lip with slats. Ostroga

nitkowata ………………

rhinoceros (Anacamptis)

7. Lip without slats. Spur cylindrical or conical ….

orchid (Orchis)

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