Green tongue (Coeloglossum viride)

By | October 26, 2017

Green tongue (Coeloglossum viride)

Bipartite tubers, roots not very numerous.

Momentum 5-35 cm h., quite strong, straight, nieco kanciasty, plain, green or yellow-green.

Leaves 3-6, length. 2-9 cm, 1-3 cm times., the lowest ovoid- to wide-knee-shaped, higher lanceolate, the highest pituitary, spicy, green, sometimes yellow flaky.

Inflorescence 2-15 cm length, multiflorous, usually loose.

Flowers inconspicuous, little, with a strongly bent lip and the remaining petals pressed against the helmet.

Pituitary gland to 30 mm length, lancetowata, spicy, green.

Hives about 5-8 mm length, straight or bent at the top, twisted, yellow-green.

Warżka 5-10 mm length, 2—4 mm wide, lingual, almost flat, dissected at the top, indistinctly 3 patches, yellow-green, yellow with dirty red to reddish edges; side patches blunt, lingual, much longer than the middle patch, central triangular patch, very small.

Ostroga 2-3 mm length, workowata, adheres to the lip, yellow to green.

Upper outer petal 4-6 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, elliptical-lanceolate, sharp, dirty green, sometimes with a red central nerve.

Lateral outer petals up to 7 mm length, do 3 mm width, ovoid-tootate, spicy, asymmetric, similar in color to the upper one.

Side inner petals 3,5–5,5 mm length, 0,5 mm width, even-narrow to equilibrium-lanceolate, blunt, thin, yellow-green. Column approx 1-2 mm length, greenish, the stamen initially yellow, later brown.

Fruit approx 10 mm length, rotund.

Ozorka is a little variable species – differences between individuals were observed only in the coloration of flowers and plant habit. The latter feature is related to the vertical distribution of the species. Usually two varieties are distinguished: where. riride

Pituitary gland about the length of flowers;

where. Yaillantii (Ten.) deep.

Pituitary gland approx 2 times longer than flowers.

In Poland, the tongue was found almost all over the country – in the north, however, much less frequently. In the south of the country, especially in the mountains, it is still quite common in places. It grows in meadows and thickets, on fresh soils, moderately fertile, acidic to neutral, more often rich in calcium carbonate.

Flowering begins in May, ends in July.

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