Female orchid (Orchis morio)

By | October 31, 2017

Female orchid (Orchis morio)

Tubers 1-1,5 cm length, 0,8—1.2 cm in diameter, the roots 7-10, about 10 cm length.

Momentum 8-30(40) cm length, straight, quite strong, cylindrical, green to reddish.

Leaves 6-10, length. 2—14 cm, 0,5-2 cm times., lanceolate to oblique-lanceolate, sharp or blunt, green or red feathery, 1-4 the tallest, more or less conical, include the base of the inflorescence. Inflorescence 3-5 cm length, 5-25-floral, not very dense.

The flowers are relatively large, fragrant, about all the outer petals pressed against the helmet.

Hypophysis 10-15 mm length, evenly narrow- to oval-lanceolate, spicy, thin, red or purple.

Hives about 10 mm length, narrow, slightly arched, twisted, dirty green to purple.

Warżka 4,5-7 mm length, 8-13 mm width, usually clearly 3 patches, with side patches strongly bent back, from pale pink to dark red or purple, brighter in the center with dark spots; the middle patch is blunt or slightly indented, equal to or slightly longer than the side ones; rhombic to ovate side patches, rounded.

Ostroga 6,5-11 mm length, cylindrical, slightly widened at the top, blunt or slightly indented, facing up, purple or pink.

Female orchid flower (Orchis morio): a – upper outer lobe of the perianth, b – internal side, c external side, d – warżka, e – ovary and spur, f – spur on the underside, g – hypophysis.

Upper outer petal 5,5-8 mm length, 2-3 mm width, scapular to ovate, blunt, pink to purple with darker nervousness and sometimes spots at the apex.

Lateral outer petals slightly longer and almost 2 times wider than the top, jajowate, asymmetric, blunt, similarly colored.

Lateral inner petals 5-7 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, equilibrium-lanceolate, blunt, slightly brighter.

The column 2-3 mm length, pink.

Fruit 10-15 mm length, bloated.

This species shows variability mainly in terms of the size and color of flowers.

It grows all over Europe, outside Scandinavia, in North Africa and Asia Minor. He is known from all over Poland, however, it is nowhere common, only in the south of the country it is slightly more common.

You can meet female orchids in meadows and in overexposed forests, on fresh soils, moderately fertile with a neutral reaction.

It blooms from March to the end of May.

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