Stoplamek neglected (Dactylorhiza)

By | November 2, 2017

Stoplamek neglected (Dactylorhiza)

Tubers quite massive.

Momentum 20-80 cm h., strong, straight, wind-blown, nieco kanciasty, green with a red or purple flocked top.

Leaves 5-8, length. 10-20 cm, 1,5-2 cm times., lancetowate, spicy, raised upwards, green, smooth, rarely with very fine spots, the highest pituitary.

Inflorescence 5-10 cm length, gestures, ovoid, multiflorous.

Medium-sized flowers. Pituitary gland approx 30 mm length, lancetowata, spicy, almost straight, slightly tilted from the inflorescence, green with a red coating.

Ovary 10-12 mm length, she ran red.

Warżka 8-10 mm length, 10-14 mm width, transversely oval to transversely rhombic, indistinctly 3-patched or not patched, almost flat, reddish to purple red, with fine darker spots; middle patch, if, very small, triangular; rounded side patches, almost the entire side.

The flower is neglected (Dactylorhiza) a – upper outer lobe of the perianth, b – internal side, c – lateral external, d-e – warżka, f- ovary and spur, g – hypophysis.

Ostroga 8-10 mm length, conical, blunt, reddish to purple. Upper outer petal 8-10 mm length, about 3 mm width, ovoid-lanceolate, blunt, reddish to purple.

Lateral outer petals of similar size and color, slightly asymmetrical.

Lateral inner petals 7-9 mm length, 2-3 mm width, lancetowate, blunt, similarly colored.

Column approx 3 mm length, reddish, green pollinia.

Fruit to 15 mm length, bloated.

Within this genre it stands out 3 cultivars or subspecies, growing mainly in Western Europe. One of them (where. junialis (Verm.) Sengh.) it is almost identical to our Baltic footprint (D. majalis ssp. baltica) and recently merged with him.

The neglected footprint is growing in the Atlantic part of Western Europe, from France to southern Scandinavia, on fertile, wet meadows on limestone. In the 1980s, individual sites of it were found in Italy and Poland.
In northern Germany, Belgium, The Netherlands, In Denmark and southern Scandinavia, Dactylorhiza sphagnicola grows on acidic raised bogs and transitional bogs (Hoppner) Soo, the species is almost identical in terms of habit, shape and size of leaves and flowers with neglected footpiece. Both differ only in habitat requirements. This is an example of the so-called. ecological replacement - two closely related species grow in different plant communities, on quite different types of soil.
The neglected footlock is probably a permanent mixture of bloody and spotted footlocks. It refers to the first of them with its habit, and to the other it is flat, shallow patched lip.

Flowering occurs at the turn of June and July.

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