Stop the blood (Dactylorhiza incarnata)

By | November 2, 2017

Stop the blood (Dactylorhiza incarnata)

Rather bulky tubers, about length. 10-15 cm, a dozen roots, about 15-25 cm length.

Momentum 5-100 cm h., straight, wind-blown, usually strong, only delicate at times, nieco kanciasty, green-yellow, green or red flush at the top. Leaves 3-10, length. 5-20 cm, 0,5-4 cm times., lanceolate to equilibrium, spicy, usually raised upwards, less often arched, green or green-yellow, smooth, no stains, either on top or on both sides spotted, sometimes whole, uniformly purple or red. Inflorescence 4-15 cm length, gestures, cylindrical, multiflorous.

The flowers are small.

Pituitary gland to 50 mm length, lancetowata, spicy, strongly arched, green-yellow to purple, sometimes spotted.

Ovary 7-10 mm length, arched, twisted, from green-yellow to purple.

Warżka 5-8 mm length, 5-8 mm width, diamond-shaped outline, with slightly bent side patches, usually pink to blood red, less often white, with dark spots and lines, very rarely yellow-white, no drawing.

Bloodstain flower (Dactylorhiza incarnata) a – upper outer lobe of the perianth, b – internal side, c – lateral external, d-f – warżka, g – ovary and spur, h – hypophysis.

Ostroga 5-8 mm length, conical, blunt, pink, red or white. Upper outer petal 5–7 mm long.,

2-3 mm width, ovoid, hood-cotton, pink to red, sometimes with darker spots. Lateral outer petals 5-7 mm length, about 2 mm width, lancetowate, blunted, slightly asymmetrical, otherwise as above.

Lateral inner petals 4-7 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, elongated, blunt, otherwise like the previous ones. The column 2-3 mm length, pink or off-white, green pollinia.

Fruit to 13 mm length, bloated.

In Poland, a number of varieties and subspecies of the bloody footlock have been found. The most important are listed in the key below.

The key to denote subspecies and varieties

1. Yellow-white flowers, without any drawing on the lip ……….

ssp. ochroleuca (It hurts) Hunt et Summerh.

1. White to red flowers, always with darker spots and lines on the lip…………..2

2. Leaves purple or dark red spotted on both sides, sometimes all reddish-violet ….

ssp. cruenlu (Muell.) Sell.

2. Leaves without spots or just blotchy on top …………..

ssp. incarnate 3

3. Leaves without stains………….

where. incarnate

3. Leaves only spotted on the outside

where. haematodes (Rchb. f.) Soo

This species is particularly variable in terms of the habit, size and shape of the leaves. Some of its variations (e.g.. where. serotina (House kn.) Soo or var. extensive (Hartm.) Soo) are confused with the Traunsteiner alloy handle, they refer to clearly with their habit. However, they differ from him in a small one, a rhombus-shaped lip and a hollow stem.

The first of the subspecies (ssp. ochroleuca (It hurts) Hunt. et Summerh.) grows in Poland on several dispersed positions.

Dactylorhiza incarnata ssp. bloody (Muell.) Sell. often treated as a separate species, they were found with us only in the 1980s in the Suwałki region. Its occurrence seems highly probable in Pomerania and in the mountains. Outside our country, it grows in Western Europe, Scandinavia and the Alps.

The typical subspecies is the most common (D. incarnata ssp. incarnate), especially in the southern part of Poland .

The red cap grows in wet meadows and calcareous trophies, on fertile soils, neutral and slightly alkaline.

The growing season begins more or less simultaneously with the broadleaf foot rot, however it usually blooms around 2-3 weeks later – from May to July, and in the mountains even in August.

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