Gołek whitish (Pseudorchis albida, Leucorchis albida)

By | November 7, 2017

Gołek whitish (Pseudorchis albida, Leucorchis albida)

Tubers with narrow segments in length to 5 cm.

The shoot is 10-40 cm high., straight, peg, green to yellowish green.

Leaves 4-6, length. 2,5-8 cm, 1—1.5 cm times., distributed over the entire stem, from vane, through obovate to lanceolate, the lowest rounded at the top, highest sharp, usually 1-2 small pituitary leaves under the inflorescence.

Inflorescence 2-10 cm length, multiflorous, cylindrical, hemline is usually loose, thickening upwards.

The flowers are small, inconspicuous. Pituitary gland to 15 mm length, lancetowata, spicy, clearly arched below the top, yellow-green.

Ovary 3-6 mm length, narrow, slightly arched, twisted, yellow-green or green.

Lip 2-3 mm long., 1—2 mm wide, flat, 3-patch, yellow to greenish; middle patch usually 1 mm length, 0,5 mm width, wąskotrójkątna do lancetowatej, blunt; side patches 0,3-1,5 mm length, usually equal to the length of the middle patch, sometimes clearly shorter, reduced, serrate, or significantly longer than the middle patch, crescent shaped, spicy.

Ostroga 1-2,5 mm length, slightly bent, blunt, more distended at the root, yellow-green.

Upper outer petal 2-3 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, ovoid, blunt, like the rest of the yellow petals. Lateral outer petals 2-3,5 mm length, 1,5-2 mm width, lancetowate do jajowatolancetowatych, spicy, asymmetric.

Lateral inner petals 1,5-2 mm length, about 1 mm width, ovoid-lanceolate, blunt, clearly asymmetrical.

Column approx 1 mm length, greenish. Fruit to 8 mm length, rotund.

The white-headed gołek is quite a variable species; some differences between individuals are visible in the shape of a lip.

White dove flower (Pseudorchis albida) a – upper outer lobe of the perianth, b – internal side, c – lateral external, d-f – warżka, g – hypophysis, ovary and spur.

In Poland, it is known for the Sudetes and the Carpathians as well as for individual sites from Podkarpacie. It grows on peat bogs and meadows, on fresh, rather poor soils with an acidic and very acidic reaction.

It blooms from May to September.

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