Category Archives: Information

Keys for marking the types of orchids found in Poland

Natural key 1. Fast fertile 2. Single staminodium, very big, łódkowa you. Shoe lip .. . shoe (Cypripedium) 1. The stamen fertile 1. Staminodia 2, differently educated, never like above. A lip of various shapes, but not shoal…………….2 2. Loose pollen mass, dry … 3 3. Rostellum without a bonnet……. hylavnik (Cephalanthera) 3. Rostellum with a bonnet…………..4 4. Rostellum is small. ... Read More »

The key for marking orchids

What is the key? The so-called. the keys. Perhaps the simplest to use are the dichotomous keys, also adopted in this book. They consist of two groups of opposing and mutually exclusive features, the so-called. theses and antitheses. They are usually marked with numbers, e.g.. 1 i 1, 2 i 2, etc.. Marking at ... Read More »

The future of orchids

The future of orchids from an evolutionary point of view is not very well off. Reaching a high degree of specialization, they became addicted to many factors – apart from the often specific habitat requirements, also from fungi and animals! So they headed off into an alley, from which there is no return. The living world is so organized, that the groups are more specialized, arise from more primitive ancestors. ... Read More »


The vast majority of orchids develop roots. Only a few are missing them, e.g.. the aforementioned farm and nursery. In the Southeast Asian orchid Cheirostylis, the fleshy rhizome does not develop the typical roots. Instead, it creates small mounds with a structure and function similar to the roots. Roots can be structured differently. At our kręczynka (Spirantlies) they are bulbously coarse and function as ... Read More »

Childhood and youth

It would seem, that small ground orchids, sprouted from seeds practically devoid of spare substances, they lose in competition with seedlings of other plants, whose seeds are, after all, much better equipped with the necessary compounds. Meanwhile, even in stable communities, that is, not easily changed under the influence of external factors, Orchid seedlings are "doing well" thanks to fungi and underground growth. ... Read More »

Where orchids grow

Orchids are cosmopolitan plants. I live on all continents except Antarctica. We observe their greatest wealth and diversity in the tropics. It grows there about 95% all known species, this is also where the orchids with the largest and most showy flowers come from. The richest area in orchids is South and Central America, where it was found over 300 kinds and over 8200 species. ... Read More »